At work, I have a pretty beefy workstation (a Dell OptiPlex 990 with a 3.4GHz Intel Core i7-2600 and 8GB RAM running Fedora 16) that I usually run a few VMs on as my test/development environment. I usually reboot my machine every other week or so, and start VirtualBox and my VMs once the system boots. All of the VMs are Linux boxes, running test-only, so I never really cared about RDP or anything like that. Today I’m working from home and need to setup a new development environment, so here’s how to get VirtualBox working nicely assuming you’ve never set it up for VRDP (its Virtual Remote Desktop Protocol) before, and have a network connection (LAN or VPN or something) to the machine running VirtualBox. I currently have VirtualBox OSE 4.1.8 installed from rpmfusion RPM. Most of this can be found in Chapter 7 of the VirtualBox manual, but here’s a step-by-step method.
First, download the Oracle (non-free) Oracle VirtualBox VM Extension Pack tarball from the VirtualBox Downloads Page, which provides VRDP support (as well as support for the virtual USB 2.0 device, Intel PXE Boot ROM support for the E1000 NIC driver, and experimental Linux host PCI passthrough suport). Then install it using:
sudo VBoxManage extpack install Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-4.1.8-75467.vbox-extpack
Assuming you have an existing VM (you can list them using
VBoxManage list vms), enable VRDP support on it:
VBoxManage modifyvm "VM name" --vrde on
I like to assign specific ports to VRDP on each VM so I can “bookmark” them in my KRDC client by VM name. I generally start with 10011, as the 10011-10049 range is both unassigned and doesn’t appear in my
VBoxManage modifyvm "VM name" --vrdeport 10011
Start the VM, using VBoxHeadless (shows more debugging/errors, but also stays in the foreground, so you’ll want to use screen or something like it):
VBoxHeadless --startvm "VM name"
If all went well, it should show some output including a confirmation that the VRDE server is running on the correct port:
Oracle VM VirtualBox Headless Interface 4.1.8_OSE (C) 2008-2012 Oracle Corporation All rights reserved. VRDE server is listening on port 3389.
That’s it. Assuming you’re using something like screen, you can start a whole bunch of new VMs, and still keep the VBoxHeadless output in case of an error.